The Value of Financial Inclusion

Financial inclusion involves enabling accessibility and affordability of financial services for all individuals and businesses. This is crucial for fostering economic development and reducing poverty worldwide. Financial inclusion is integral to creating a society that offers equal opportunities for everyone to access financial services. It entails providing a pathway for people, particularly the underserved or those excluded from the banking system, to engage in trade and to participate in formal financial sector with the capability to exchange goods and services seamlessly. The benefits of financial inclusion are vast, affecting individuals, families, and entire communities. Some of these benefits can be summarised to include the following;

1. Empowering Individuals

One of the primary values of financial inclusion is the empowerment it gives to individuals. It allows people from all walks of life, especially those in rural or underprivileged areas, to access essential cost effective transactional  services to enable them to buy what they need and sell what they produce. With these services, individuals can better manage financial emergencies, plan future financial endeavours, invest in educational pursuits, and bolster their overall economic security and resilience and actively participate in tackling societal poverty.

2. Promoting Economic Growth

Financial inclusion not only assists individuals but also serves a broader economic function by promoting substantial economic growth. It does this by providing individuals and small businesses access to participate in the real economy, encouraging them to invest in new ventures or expand existing ones. Increased business activities mean more employment opportunities, higher income levels, and an overall boost in the economic development of a community, region or country.

3. Reducing Poverty

Access to financial services plays a crucial role in poverty alleviation. The simple opportunity to access transactional services for cost effective trade for example empowers those with goods and services to sell to do so cost effectively and to create value for themselves instead of being economically dependent. It enables poorer members of society to earn, save and borrow, which can be used to enhance their living conditions, start or expand a business, and secure a more stable financial future. This shift can break the cycle of poverty and lead to a more equitable distribution of resources and opportunities in a way that is accessible to all.

4. Gender Participation

Financial inclusion also significantly impacts gender equality and empowerment. By providing financial services to women, they gain more control over their finances, which enhances their decision-making capabilities within the household and community. This empowerment can lead to greater overall economic contributions from all genders, promoting gender parity in financial management and business leadership.

5. More Stable Financial System

Widening the base of people who participate in the real economy will open up the opportunity for the millions of people within the informal sector of the economy to contribute more to broader national economic activity and thus expand the economic growth potential.  A larger pool of economic participants leads to greater diversification of risks and helps financial institutions to develop better resilience against economic shocks. Moreover, increased participation in formal financial systems reduces the prevalence of unregulated, high-risk financial practices.

6. Fostering Innovation

The drive towards financial inclusion spurs innovation within the financial sector. Financial institutions are motivated to cater to the untapped market of underserved populations, leading to innovative products and services designed to meet unique needs. These innovations can improve the usability and accessibility of financial services, reducing costs and enhancing convenience and access for all users.

7. Financial Education

Financial inclusion is closely linked to financial literacy. By promoting inclusivity, there’s also an increased focus on educating the masses about the workings of financial services as they actively participate in exchanging goods and services.  This education is vital for making informed decisions, improving outcomes, reducing broader economic risks and encouraging savings and investment.

8. Social Cohesion

Financial inclusion fosters social cohesion by promoting economic participation and reducing inequality. When everyone has a stake in the economy and access to financial resources, it strengthens trust and cooperation within communities, leading to greater social stability and prosperity.

9. Job Creation

Access to financial services enables entrepreneurs to start and expand businesses, creating job opportunities and driving economic development. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) also participate and expand their operations as economic activity expands thereby creating more job opportunities to meet expanding demand for goods and services as buying power expands across the economy.


The importance of financial inclusion extends beyond just providing financial services to the underserved—it requires inclusive and equitable to access to actively participate in the real economy through seamless and cost effective exchange of goods and services produced in order to create value through trade. Empowering all to engage in promoting a more broad-based economic growth to drive sustainable eradication of poverty. Through concerted efforts in advancing financial inclusion, societies can achieve more balanced and sustained development, paving the way for a better outcome for all.